Tens of thousands of migrant workers have left Saudi Arabia because of recent rulings by the ruling authorities and systematic abuses against workers, in contravention of the International Labor Convention.
In a report entitled `` Employment in Saudi Arabia between the Hammer of Violence and the Anvil of Need, '' the Euromed Observatory for Human Rights, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, said that systematic abuses and the deteriorating humanitarian and living situation of workers prompted tens of thousands to leave work and leave the kingdom.
Figures from the Saudi Statistical Organization (Hukoomi) showed a clear decline in the number of expatriate workers in the Kingdom from 12 million in 2017 to 10 million this year.
The report of the Human Rights Commission, that the Saudi decisions included increasing the value of residence fees for the worker and his family, and the policy of forced deportation contributed to the deterioration of the humanitarian, living and human rights situation of these workers.
He pointed out that the total amount of foreign workers in Saudi Arabia during this time is enough only to pay the residence fees and provide basic services for him and his family.
He stressed that the lack of real legal control of the Saudi authorities on institutions employing foreign workers has "increased these violations, and made them prey to influential actors within the Kingdom as well."
He pointed out that the Euro-Mediterranean workers have been deprived of their salaries for many months, as well as the policy of “deliberate slowdown” from employers in issuing residency cards to them as a threatening measure to pressure them to agree to inhumane conditions, while waving a paper “expulsion and deportation”. ”.
The report highlighted the conditions of detention and deportation of irregular workers who lost their right to work in the Kingdom for reasons not related to them, but the slowness of sponsors in renewing their papers and correcting their legal status.
The Center for Human Rights explained that hundreds of workers were detained in unqualified places and denied medical care, in addition to insensitivity to the health conditions of the elderly, children and patients, as well as separating families from each other.
The Euromed concluded that the Saudi authorities are obliged to apply sanctions and penalties against foreign workers - even without violating these rules - without equating them and granting them the rights stipulated in those rules, including international conventions that guarantee workers' rights to salary, good treatment, non-prosecution and the right to go. Judiciary and a lawyer.
On the level of women, the Center for Human Rights monitored a number of violations against domestic workers, especially those who work as domestic servants;
The Euro-Mediterranean Observatory for Human Rights called for the need to stop abuses targeting migrant workers, especially the sponsorship system, which imposes high fees on workers disproportionate to the wages they receive, calling on the Saudi authorities to activate the complaint system and impose sanctions on Saudi employers who violate workers' rights. Foreigners have.